Require or disallow a space before function parenthesis (space-before-function-paren)

要求或禁止函数圆括号之前有一个空格 (space-before-function-paren)

The --fix option on the command line can automatically fix some of the problems reported by this rule.

命令行中的 --fix 选项可以自动修复一些该规则报告的问题。

When formatting a function, whitespace is allowed between the function name or function keyword and the opening paren. Named functions also require a space between the function keyword and the function name, but anonymous functions require no whitespace. For example:

当格式化一个函数,函数名或 function 关键字与左括号之间允许有空白。命名函数要求函数名和 function 关键字之间有空格,但是匿名函数要求不加空格。例如:

function withoutSpace(x) {
    // ...
}

function withSpace (x) {
    // ...
}

var anonymousWithoutSpace = function() {};

var anonymousWithSpace = function () {};

Style guides may require a space after the function keyword for anonymous functions, while others specify no whitespace. Similarly, the space after a function name may or may not be required.

一些风格指南可能要求匿名函数的 function 关键字后面有一个空格,而其他函数指定不要空格。同样的,函数名后可能会也可能不会要求有空格。

Rule Details

This rule aims to enforce consistent spacing before function parentheses and as such, will warn whenever whitespace doesn’t match the preferences specified.

该规则旨在强制函数括号之前的空格的一致性,因此,当空格值不匹配指定首选参数时,该规则将发出警告。

Options

This rule has a string option or an object option:

该规则有一个字符串选项或一个对象选项:

{
    "space-before-function-paren": ["error", "always"],
    // or
    "space-before-function-paren": ["error", {
        "anonymous": "always",
        "named": "always",
        "asyncArrow": "always"
    }],
}

The string option does not check async arrow function expressions for backward compatibility.

字符串选项不会检查异步的箭头函数表达式以向后兼容。

You can also use a separate option for each type of function. Each of the following options can be set to "always", "never", or "ignore". The default is "always".

你也可以对每种类型的函数分别设置选项。以下每个选项可以设置为 "always""never""ignore"。默认为 "always"

“always”

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the default "always" option:

默认选项 "always"错误 代码示例:

/*eslint space-before-function-paren: "error"*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

function foo() {
    // ...
}

var bar = function() {
    // ...
};

var bar = function foo() {
    // ...
};

class Foo {
    constructor() {
        // ...
    }
}

var foo = {
    bar() {
        // ...
    }
};

var foo = async() => 1

Examples of correct code for this rule with the default "always" option:

默认选项 "always"正确 代码示例:

/*eslint space-before-function-paren: "error"*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

function foo () {
    // ...
}

var bar = function () {
    // ...
};

var bar = function foo () {
    // ...
};

class Foo {
    constructor () {
        // ...
    }
}

var foo = {
    bar () {
        // ...
    }
};

var foo = async () => 1

“never”

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the "never" option:

选项 "never"错误 代码示例:

/*eslint space-before-function-paren: ["error", "never"]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

function foo () {
    // ...
}

var bar = function () {
    // ...
};

var bar = function foo () {
    // ...
};

class Foo {
    constructor () {
        // ...
    }
}

var foo = {
    bar () {
        // ...
    }
};

var foo = async () => 1

Examples of correct code for this rule with the "never" option:

选项 "never"正确 代码示例:

/*eslint space-before-function-paren: ["error", "never"]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

function foo() {
    // ...
}

var bar = function() {
    // ...
};

var bar = function foo() {
    // ...
};

class Foo {
    constructor() {
        // ...
    }
}

var foo = {
    bar() {
        // ...
    }
};

var foo = async() => 1

{"anonymous": "always", "named": "never", "asyncArrow": "always"}

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the {"anonymous": "always", "named": "never", "asyncArrow": "always"} option:

选项 {"anonymous": "always", "named": "never", "asyncArrow": "always"}错误 代码示例:

/*eslint space-before-function-paren: ["error", {"anonymous": "always", "named": "never", "asyncArrow": "always"}]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

function foo () {
    // ...
}

var bar = function() {
    // ...
};

class Foo {
    constructor () {
        // ...
    }
}

var foo = {
    bar () {
        // ...
    }
};

var foo = async(a) => await a

Examples of correct code for this rule with the {"anonymous": "always", "named": "never", "asyncArrow": "always"} option:

选项 {"anonymous": "always", "named": "never", "asyncArrow": "always"}正确 代码示例:

/*eslint space-before-function-paren: ["error", {"anonymous": "always", "named": "never", "asyncArrow": "always"}]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

function foo() {
    // ...
}

var bar = function () {
    // ...
};

class Foo {
    constructor() {
        // ...
    }
}

var foo = {
    bar() {
        // ...
    }
};

var foo = async (a) => await a

{"anonymous": "never", "named": "always"}

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the {"anonymous": "never", "named": "always"} option:

选项 {"anonymous": "never", "named": "always"}错误 代码示例:

/*eslint space-before-function-paren: ["error", { "anonymous": "never", "named": "always" }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

function foo() {
    // ...
}

var bar = function () {
    // ...
};

class Foo {
    constructor() {
        // ...
    }
}

var foo = {
    bar() {
        // ...
    }
};

Examples of correct code for this rule with the {"anonymous": "never", "named": "always"} option:

选项 {"anonymous": "never", "named": "always"}正确 代码示例:

/*eslint space-before-function-paren: ["error", { "anonymous": "never", "named": "always" }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

function foo () {
    // ...
}

var bar = function() {
    // ...
};

class Foo {
    constructor () {
        // ...
    }
}

var foo = {
    bar () {
        // ...
    }
};

{"anonymous": "ignore", "named": "always"}

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the {"anonymous": "ignore", "named": "always"} option:

选项 {"anonymous": "ignore", "named": "always"}错误 代码示例:

/*eslint space-before-function-paren: ["error", { "anonymous": "ignore", "named": "always" }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

function foo() {
    // ...
}

class Foo {
    constructor() {
        // ...
    }
}

var foo = {
    bar() {
        // ...
    }
};

Examples of correct code for this rule with the {"anonymous": "ignore", "named": "always"} option:

选项 {"anonymous": "ignore", "named": "always"}正确 代码示例:

/*eslint space-before-function-paren: ["error", { "anonymous": "ignore", "named": "always" }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

var bar = function() {
    // ...
};

var bar = function () {
    // ...
};

function foo () {
    // ...
}

class Foo {
    constructor () {
        // ...
    }
}

var foo = {
    bar () {
        // ...
    }
};

When Not To Use It

You can turn this rule off if you are not concerned with the consistency of spacing before function parenthesis.

如果你不关心函数圆括号之前的空格的一致性,你可以关闭此规则。

Version

This rule was introduced in ESLint 0.18.0.

该规则在 ESLint 0.18.0 中被引入。

Resources


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