Disallow Primitive Wrapper Instances (no-new-wrappers)

禁止原始包装实例 (no-new-wrappers)

There are three primitive types in JavaScript that have wrapper objects: string, number, and boolean. These are represented by the constructors String, Number, and Boolean, respectively. The primitive wrapper types are used whenever one of these primitive values is read, providing them with object-like capabilities such as methods. Behind the scenes, an object of the associated wrapper type is created and then destroyed, which is why you can call methods on primitive values, such as:

在 JavaScript 中有3种原始类型包装对象:字符串,数字和布尔值。它们所代表的构造器分别为 StringNumberBoolean。当读取原始类型的值或者为它们提供如方法等类似对象的功能时,原始包装类型将被使用。在幕后,相关包装器类型的一个对象被创建,然后销毁,这就是为什么你可以在原始值上调用方法,例如:

var text = "Hello world".substring(2);

Behind the scenes in this example, a String object is constructed. The substring() method exists on String.prototype and so is accessible to the string instance.

在本例中幕后,一个 String 对象被创建。substring() 方法存在于 String.prototype中,所以可以访问字符实例。

It’s also possible to manually create a new wrapper instance:

还可以手动创建一个新的包装器实例:

var stringObject = new String("Hello world");
var numberObject = new Number(33);
var booleanObject = new Boolean(false);

Although possible, there aren’t any good reasons to use these primitive wrappers as constructors. They tend to confuse other developers more than anything else because they seem like they should act as primitives, but they do not. For example:

虽然这么做是可行的,没有任何好的理由使用这些原始包装器作为构造函数。这会是其它开发者感到困惑,因为它们看起像是原始类型,但实际上不是这样的。例如:

var stringObject = new String("Hello world");
console.log(typeof stringObject);       // "object"

var text = "Hello world";
console.log(typeof text);               // "string"

var booleanObject = new Boolean(false);
if (booleanObject) {    // all objects are truthy!
    console.log("This executes");
}

The first problem is that primitive wrapper objects are, in fact, objects. That means typeof will return "object" instead of "string", "number", or "boolean". The second problem comes with boolean objects. Every object is truthy, that means an instance of Boolean always resolves to true even when its actual value is false.

第一个问题是原始包装对象实际上是对象。这意味着 typeod 将返回 "object" 而不是 "string""number" 或者 "boolean"。第二个问题来自布尔型对象。每个对象都是真,这以为着每个 Boolean 的实例都会返回 true,即使它们实际的值是 false

For these reasons, it’s considered a best practice to avoid using primitive wrapper types with new.

由于这些原因,最佳实践认为使用 new 来避免使用原始包装类型。

Rule Details

This rule aims to eliminate the use of String, Number, and Boolean with the new operator. As such, it warns whenever it sees new String, new Number, or new Boolean.

此规则目的在于消除通过 new 操作符使用 StringNumberBoolean 。因此,每当遇到 new Stringnew Number 或者 new Boolean,该规则都会发出警告。

Examples of incorrect code for this rule:

错误 代码示例:

/*eslint no-new-wrappers: "error"*/

var stringObject = new String("Hello world");
var numberObject = new Number(33);
var booleanObject = new Boolean(false);

var stringObject = new String;
var numberObject = new Number;
var booleanObject = new Boolean;

Examples of correct code for this rule:

正确 代码示例:

/*eslint no-new-wrappers: "error"*/

var text = String(someValue);
var num = Number(someValue);

var object = new MyString();

When Not To Use It

If you want to allow the use of primitive wrapper objects, then you can safely disable this rule.

如果你想允许使用原始包装器对象,那么你可以关闭此规则。

Further Reading

Version

This rule was introduced in ESLint 0.0.6.

该规则在 ESLint 0.0.6 中被引入。

Resources


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